A Condensed Version of Campbell’s Hero Pattern
Stage I: Separation/Departure
- The Call to Adventure
- Refusal of the Call
- Encountering the Guide/ Supernatural Aid
- Crossing the Threshold/Beginning the Quest
- Passage into the Underworld
Stage II: Trials and Victories of Initiation
- Obstacles and Battles
- Achievement of the Goal or Quest
Stage III: Return and Reintegration with Society
- Refusal of the Return
- Return to the World
- Transformation of Self and World
A Condensed Version of Rank’s Hero Pattern
The hero is the child of high-ranking parents.
The hero’s birth is preceded by difficulties.
During or before the pregnancy, there is a prophecy threatening
danger to the father.
The hero is cast into the water, in a small boat or box of some
The hero is saved by animals, or by lowly people (shepherds), and is
suckled by a female animal or by a humble woman.
The hero grows up and finds his high-ranking parents.
He takes his revenge on his father, on the one hand, and is
acknowledged, on the other.
Finally he achieves rank and honors—often the rank and honors of